Phonics

Phonics Screening Information for Parents

 

We know how important it is for teachers and parents to work together to give your child the best start.  Reading together at home is one of the easiest but most important ways in which you can help your child.

To support your child in becoming an effective and confident reader we hope to work with you to develop their knowledge of phonics (letter sounds) to enable them to decode different words they may come across.

We are following Government guidance with regards to six phases of phonics teaching. This six phase teaching programme focuses on high quality phonic work.  The Intention is to “…equip children who are 5 with the phonic knowledge and skills they need to become fluent readers by the age of 7.”  By the end of Year Two, children should have completed phase six.  The children should be working on is assessed by the teacher, and appropriate teaching is planned for. Daily intervention programmes are implemented for children who are operating above and below the national expectation.

In order to make a good start in reading and writing, children need to have an adult listen to them and talk to them.  Speaking and listening are the foundations for reading and writing.  Even everyday activities such as preparing meals, tidying up, putting shopping away and getting ready to go out offer you the chance to talk to your child, explaining what you are doing.  Through these activities, children hear the way language is put together into sentences for a purpose.

Books are a rich source of new words for your child; words you would not use in everyday conversations appear in books.  Children need to have a wide vocabulary to understand the meaning of books, so read aloud and share books as often as you can. They will enjoy it and it will be useful to them when they come across these words in their own reading later on.

Sounds in spoken language – the beginning of phonics

At Ettington, when children enter the Reception class they take part in high-quality phonics sessions every day.  These are fun sessions involving lots of speaking, listening and games, where the emphasis is on children’s active participation.  They learn to use their phonic knowledge for reading and writing activities and in their independent play.

Not all children will learn at the same pace!

Your child should be supported whatever their rate of learning.

From a very early stage, children develop awareness of different sounds in spoken language.  They develop understanding that spoken words are made up of different sounds (phonemes) and they learn to match these phonemes to letters (graphemes). Phonics is about children knowing how letters link to sounds (graphemes to phonemes), for example, c as in ‘cat’, ll as in ‘fell’, ee as in ‘sheep’.

Children use this phonic knowledge when they are reading and writing.  This approach has been shown to provide a quick and efficient way for most young children to learn to read words on the page, fluently and accurately. We want children to develop this skill so that it becomes automatic. This also greatly helps them with their spelling.

There are four distinct phases in our approach to phonics.
Click on the links below to read more

> Phase 1
This paves the way for systematic learning of phonics and usually starts in nursery or playgroup.

 > Phase 2
In this phase children will continue practising what they have learned from phase 1, including ‘sound-talk’.

> Phase 3
The purpose of this phase is to:

  • Teach more graphemes, most of which are made of two letters, for example, ‘oa’ as in boat
  • Practise blending and segmenting a wider set of CVC words, for example, fizz, chip, sheep, light
  • Learn all letter names and begin to form them correctly
  • Read more tricky words and begin to spell some of them
  • Read and write words in phrases and sentences.

> Phase 4
Children continue to practise previously learned graphemes and phonemes and learn how to read and write: